Learn the Arabic Alphabets the right way

Arabic Alphabets


Have you ever wanted to learn Arabic alphabets? Have you ever wondered how to write with the Arabic alphabets chart? Though the idea may seem intimidating, I assure you that it is not that difficult at all once you give it a try. I have tutored hundreds of people online and found that everyone starts the same way with this preconceived notion that this is something that would be very difficult to begin, but all of my students after a few sessions have been able to grow in the language and learn the letters relatively quickly.

The Arabic Alphabets chart:

Arabic Alphabets, Learn Arabic Alpahbets, Arabic alphabets chart

Now, what is the Arabic alphabets chart? Well, it is pretty straight forward, or more so, backward. Compared to the Latin alphabet, the Arabic alphabet is written from right to left as opposed to the left to right. You may be wondering, how many Arabic letters in the alphabets, well there are 28 letters in the alphabet. Just like with all things worth learning, it is going to take some practice and effort in order to learn the alphabet, but it is nothing that you can not do with some hard work and time practicing. Let us dive in.

The Arabic Alpahbets joined together:

Arabic alphabets

Now unlike the Latin alphabet, the Arabic alphabet letters are not categorized by having either upper or lowercase letter but rather the letters are broken down into four major groups based on their location inside of the word. Neat, I know. The letters come in four forms.
The four forms are the Initial aka the start of the word. This is when the letter is located at the front of the word. The medial is the second form of the word and as you guessed it and it is as the name implies, near the middle of the word. The third form is the Final form which is when the letters are located at the end of the word, and the last form is known as the isolated form or the form of the letter by itself.

Tips: step 1

These are the first steps to identifying Arabic alphabets that I teach my students and is a great way to get the juices flowing and establishing a means of understanding the alphabet more intuitively. It is undoubtedly a mind shift if the only alphabet that you have been exposed to is the Latin alphabet but is a critical fundamental factor in determining the way the alphabet is read. This is not to be mistaken with the Arabic alphabets in English.

Zriting Arabic alphabets

Step 2:

Now the next thing I have my students understand is that when a person is writing in Arabic, the text is more often than not, and more accepted than not, written in a flowing fashion, connected. This is what we know in the west as cursive or script, which is basically when the letters connect throughout the world and very freely flow together. This has been a challenge for the newer generations because, for the most part, cursive has been removed from the early childhood education curriculum, so kids are not learning the skill.

Step 3:

The next phase in learning the letters of the Arabic alphabet that I teach is the fact that four different shapes assist the reader in identifying the letters and makes the word form fluid. The great thing that I tell my students is that the four shapes are just the pairing of the forms we learned about in previous lessons. The initial and the medial shapes hold high similarity, and the isolation and the final shapes tend to great a great significance together as well. This makes memorizing and learning the two a breeze with practice. Funny enough, I have found that this step is most comfortable when the forms are fully understood in the beginning. Again, reframing your brain to recognize and identify the shapes and forms will take exposure and practice so it is not uncommon to be stuck at times during your learning but fear not, the fundamentals are essential to understanding and should be handled with care along the learning process.

Arabic Alphabets

Bonus thecniques:

Thec 1:

Now on to the fun stuff! Time to be the master of your technique. What technique do you say? The technique that will take you from a lost onlooker to an Arabic alphabet master. The first technique is to practice on the writing fluidly that can be developed with patience and practice. You want to make your lines as smoothly as possible and make them connect seamlessly from letter to letter. A great way to do this is to try and keep the pen on the page at all times without stopping. This is similar to what children were taught when learning to draw in grade school and always remember we are lifelong learners, so what worked then will work now.

Thec 2:

The next primary technique that I request of my students is to exhibit proper form. Practice does not make perfect. Perfect practice makes perfect. Take the time to improve finger position and control, and you glide along with the page. Try and provide the most detail and respect to the letters and do not be afraid to mess up.

Thec 3:

The last but certainly not least technique that I require my students to master is the strange feeling of writing from right to left. This is such a massive leap for most people because their bodies were programmed from such an early young age to write from left to right. This is the area that my students have the most trouble with, but they are required to learn and practice the most to develop a level of comfort in their writing. If you were born speaking the language, it would be much easier for you, but if you are like a bunch of my students, you would have to learn a new level of phonics in order to learn the letters and speak out the sounds. The Arabic alphabets pronunciation is easy to learn as well. It is always best to speak out the phonics while writing the letters in order to make those neural connections and associations in your brain.


Whether you are interested in learning Classical Arabic or the Modern Standard Arabic, I encourage you to take the time and invest and practice the letters and language in order to maximize your learning.

Learning the Arabic Alphabet with an online tutor today.

About the Author Simo

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